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A TechBlog by Torben Hansen

Freelance Full Stack Web Developer located in Germany.
I create web applications mainly using TYPO3, PHP, Python and JavaScript.
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Using TYPO3 FluidEmail in CLI context

Since TYPO3 10.4 it is possible to use TYPO3\CMS\Core\Mail\FluidEmail to send emails with body content rendered by Fluid. This all works fine as long as you work in frontend or backend context, but when you use FluidEmail in CLI context (e.g. in a symfony console command), you will run into some problems. Since no real server request object is available, TYPO3 is not able to construct URIs using Fluid ViewHelpers nor will the Image ViewHelper render working absolute image links. Especially the last problem (non working website logo in rendered FluidEmail default template) motivated me to dig deeper into the topic.

Below follows a summary of things you should consider when working with FluidEmail (or Fluid StandaloneView) in CLI context.

The ViewHelpers depend on either a TypoScriptFrontendController object or the global TYPO3_REQUEST variable being available. Both are not in CLI

One workaround for this problem is to create an instance of $GLOBALS['TYPO3_REQUEST'] manually in your symfony console command as shown below:

$site = GeneralUtility::makeInstance(SiteFinder::class)->getSiteByPageId(1);
$request = (new ServerRequest())
    ->withAttribute('applicationType', SystemEnvironmentBuilder::REQUESTTYPE_FE)
    ->withAttribute('site', $site);
$GLOBALS['TYPO3_REQUEST'] = $request;

Note, that the site object is fetched by the uid of page 1. This must be kept in mind, when you have a TYPO3 website with multiple sites defined.

If the previous workaround is used, it is mandatory to set the “extensionName” argument in the f:link.action or f:uri.action ViewHelper.

An alternative to the previous example, where the $GLOBALS[‘TYPO3_REQUEST’] object is created manually, is to create all links manually used in the FluidEmail template in the symfony console command. This can be done as shown below:

$arguments = [
    'tx_sfeventmgt_pieventdetail' => [
        'action' => 'detail',
        'controller' => 'Event',
        'event' => 25,

$site = GeneralUtility::makeInstance(SiteFinder::class)->getSiteByPageId(1);
$eventLink = (string)$site->getRouter()->generateUri(22, $arguments);

Note again, that the site object is fetched by the uid of page 1. The variable $eventLink can then be passed to the view and be used as href attribute for a-tags.

Image ViewHelper creates broken URLs

When you try to render an image with an absolute path using the f:image ViewHelper, the resulting link will be broken. Example:

<f:image absolute="1" src="EXT:sf_event_mgt/Resources/Public/Icons/Extension.svg" width="100" />

In CLI context this will create an img tag as shown below:

<img src="http://./typo3/sysext/core/bin/typo3conf/ext/sf_event_mgt/Resources/Public/Icons/Extension.svg" width="100" height="104" alt="">

In order to create a workaround for the problem, I found 2 different approaches.

Workaround 1

FluidEmail has the function setRequest() which allows to set a ServerRequest object for the view.

$site = GeneralUtility::makeInstance(SiteFinder::class)->getSiteByPageId(1);

$normalizedParams = new NormalizedParams(
        'HTTP_HOST' => $site->getBase()->getHost(),
        'HTTPS' => $site->getBase()->getScheme() === 'https' ? 'on' : 'off',
    $systemConfiguration ?? $GLOBALS['TYPO3_CONF_VARS']['SYS'],

$request = (new ServerRequest())
    ->withAttribute('applicationType', SystemEnvironmentBuilder::REQUESTTYPE_FE)
    ->withAttribute('normalizedParams', $normalizedParams)
    ->withAttribute('site', $site);


By assigning the request object to the view, the variable {normalizedParams.siteUrl} is now also available in CLI context resulting in the TYPO3 logo being shown again in the default email layout.

Workaround 2

The f:image ViewHelper will create relative links to images when the argument “absolute” is not used. So basically just the baseUri is missing. In the previous workaround {normalizedParams.siteUrl} was used to add the baseUri, but instead it is also possible to assign the sites baseUri as Fluid variable as shown below:

$site = GeneralUtility::makeInstance(SiteFinder::class)->getSiteByPageId(1);
$email->assign('baseUri', (string)$site->getBase());

In the template the full path to the image can now be created as following:

<img src="{baseUri}{f:uri.image(src: 'EXT:sf_event_mgt/Resources/Public/Icons/Extension.svg', width: '100')}" width="100" />

Ensure to set the correct application context in CLI

Whenever the site object is fetched using the SiteFinder, the resulting base is resolved respecting TYPO3s application context. By default this is “production”. If you e.g. have a testing or staging environment and use one of the described workarounds, ensure to set the application context as environment variable as shown below:

export TYPO3_CONTEXT=Development